Dairy Factory Production and Stocks

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This survey collects data on production and stocks of various dairy products and sales of fluid milk and cream from dairy processors in Canada.


This survey collects data from dairy processors in Canada related to their monthly production and inventory of dairy products. The data are used by Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada, the Canadian Dairy Commission, libraries, provincial governments and the dairy farmers of Canada to assist in the development, administration and evaluation of dairy policies. Numerous government and non-government organizations are involved in the administration of the dairy sector and require detailed information particularly because this sector operates within a supply-management framework that manages farm-level production, imports, exports and prices.

Reference period: Month

Collection period: Last two weeks of the month


  • Agriculture and food (formerly Agriculture)
  • Food, beverage and tobacco
  • Livestock and aquaculture
  • Manufacturing

Data sources and methodology

Target population

The universe consists of all dairy processors in Canada.


This survey is a census.

Data sources

Responding to this survey is mandatory.

Data are collected directly from survey respondents and extracted from administrative files.

In all provinces except Prince Edward Island, Alberta, Saskatchewan and Ontario data are collected by the provincial Department of Agriculture, Milk Commission or Milk Marketing Board. These agencies are empowered to audit the purchases and end use of milk processors to ensure that price paid and end use correspond. Milk processors are sent monthly questionnaires, and are required to report all products manufactured, and stocks on hand at the 1st of the month. The provincial agencies then forward their monthly provincial summaries to Statistics Canada, to be incorporated in the Canada total.

Prince Edward Island, Alberta, Saskatchewan and Ontario questionnaires are returned to Statistics Canada for compilation.

Telephone follow-up procedures ensure a high rate of return during data collection.

View the Questionnaire(s) and reporting guide(s) .

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