Sawmills and Planing Mills

Detailed information for September 2000





Record number:


This survey measures, on a monthly basis, the quantities of lumber that are produced and shipped by Canadian manufacturers.

Data release - November 27, 2000


This survey measures, on a monthly basis, the quantities of lumber that are produced and shipped by Canadian manufacturers.

The quantities of lumber produced and shipped are used as an indicator of the economic condition of the Wood industry and trends in the construction market, as an input to Canada's Gross Domestic Product and as an input into macro- and micro-economic studies to determine market shares and industry trends. The data are also used by the business community, trade associations (including the Council of Forest Industries and l'Association des manufacturiers de bois de sciage du Québec), federal and provincial departments and international organizations.

Reference period: Month


  • Manufacturing
  • Wood, paper and printing

Data sources and methodology

Instrument design

This questionnaire was designed using Statistics Canada questionnaire design standards.


This is a sample survey with a cross-sectional design.

Using the Annual Survey of Manufactures (Survey ID 2103) as the universe, the target population is all sawmills (approximately 900 sawmills).

Questionnaires are sent to sawmills which received a "long form" questionnaire for the latest Annual Survey of Manufactures with the exception of British Columbia. For British Columbia, data are collected for sawmills producing more than 7 083 cubic metres of lumber per year. The sample size is approximately 300 sawmills.

Data sources

Responding to this survey is mandatory.

Data are collected directly from survey respondents.

Data are collected each month from survey respondents using a mail-out / mail-back process. Data capture and preliminary editing are performed simultaneously to ensure validity of the data. Businesses from whom no response has been received or whose data may contain errors are followed-up by telephone or fax.

Under normal circumstance, data are collected, captured, edited, tabulated and published within 6-8 weeks after the end of the reference month.

View the Questionnaire(s) and reporting guide(s) .

Error detection

A comparison with the previous month of the same year. A comparison with the same month of the previous year. Using historical ratios. Contacting the respondent.


Missing data for the current month are imputed automatically using a number of statistical techniques that use survey data collected during the current cycle as well as auxiliary information sources. These auxiliary sources include survey data from a previous cycle (historical), donor questionnaires and administrative data. Opening stocks are set equal to the value of the closing stocks from the previous month. Closing stocks are calculated by adding production to opening stocks and then subtracting shipments and waste values. The option exists for the subject matter analyst to manually override these imputations with better estimates based on pertinent knowledge about the industry or the business.


Final estimates of production, inventories and shipments by province are obtained by applying factors to data collected in the monthly Sawmills survey. This process is called benchmarking. The benchmark factors are ratios of the total quantity of lumber produced by sawmills as measured by the ASML to the total quantity of lumber produced by sawmills in the monthly Sawmills survey. These factors are calculated for each province based on the latest ASML commodity data available.

Quality evaluation

Survey results are analyzed to ensure comparability with patterns observed in the historical data series and the economic condition of the industry. Information available from other sources, such as the Monthly Survey of Manufacturing (record number 2101), the Building Permits survey (record number 2802), the media, other government organizations and industry associations, are also used in the validation process.

Disclosure control

Statistics Canada is prohibited by law from releasing any information it collects which could identify any person, business, or organization, unless consent has been given by the respondent or as permitted by the Statistics Act. Various confidentiality rules are applied to all data that are released or published to prevent the publication or disclosure of any information deemed confidential. If necessary, data are suppressed to prevent direct or residual disclosure of identifiable data.

Direct disclosure may occur when the value in a tabulation cell is composed of a few responses or when the cell is dominated by a few companies. Residual disclosure may occur when confidential information can be derived indirectly by piecing together information from different sources or data series.

Data accuracy

Based on the 1999 Annual Survey of Manufactures, this survey accounts for 100% of the total production of lumber and ties and the degree of estimation for non-response was 7.2%.

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