Municipal Land Use and Regulation (MLUR)

Detailed information for 2022





Record number:


Statistics Canada is conducting a new survey on behalf of Canada Mortgage and Housing Corporation (CMHC) called the Municipal Land Use and Regulation survey which will measure the degree of local land use restrictions across municipalities in Canada.

Data release - July 13, 2023


Data will be used by CMHC as an empirical basis for promoting policies aimed at increasing affordability and inclusion in the housing supply as part of their 2030 vision for creating affordable housing.

- Urban Planning
- Land Use Regulation
- Processing of permits

Reference period: The calendar year

Collection period: January through December


  • Construction

Data sources and methodology

Target population

The Municipal Land Use and Regulation Survey targets a cross sectional sample of Canadian municipalities. At present, approximately 400 Canadian municipalities, representing all provinces and territories and encompassing 80% of the Canadian population, are covered by the survey.

Instrument design

The Municipal Land Use and Regulation Survey was designed to capture information on land use planning and related regulations which may have an impact on housing supply and affordability. The survey also asks questions about processing times for development permits, building permits, and a variety of factors impacting new development projects.


This is a sample survey with a cross-sectional design and a longitudinal follow-up.

The Municipal Land Use and Regulation Survey uses Statistic Canada's Business Registrar to identify in scope units.

Sample design
The survey uses a cross sectional sample with longitudinal follow-up for priority municipalities identified using the Building Permits Survey.

Sampling unit
The sampling unit for the Municipal Land Use and Regulation Survey is the municipal (enterprise) level.

Data sources

Data collection for this reference period: 2023-04-21 to 2023-04-28

Responding to this survey is voluntary.

Data are collected directly from survey respondents via electronic questionnaire.

An email invitation to complete the questionnaire is sent to respondents for whom Statistics Canada has an email address. For municipalities whose email address is not known, an introductory letter with a secure access code is mailed out inviting them to complete the electronic questionnaire.

Computer-assisted telephone interview (CATI) follow-up is done for non-response and for completed questionnaires with failed edits.

Reminders are sent out throughout the collection period to municipalities for which Statistics Canada has not received a response.

View the Questionnaire(s) and reporting guide(s) .

Error detection

Most reporting and data entry errors are corrected through automated data capture and complex data review procedures. Strict quality control procedures are applied to ensure that collection, coding and data processing are as accurate as possible. Checks are also performed on totals and the magnitude of data. Reports that fail to meet the quality standards are subject to verification and are corrected as required.


This methodology does not apply.


This methodology does not apply.

Quality evaluation

This methodology does not apply.

Disclosure control

Statistics Canada is prohibited by law from releasing any information it collects which could identify any person, business, or organization, unless consent has been given by the respondent or as permitted by the Statistics Act. Various confidentiality rules are applied to all data that are released or published to prevent the publication or disclosure of any information deemed confidential. If necessary, data are suppressed to prevent direct or residual disclosure of identifiable data.

Revisions and seasonal adjustment

This methodology does not apply.

Data accuracy

This methodology does not apply.

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