Annual Survey of Service Industries: Commercial and Industrial Machinery Equipment Rental and Leasing
Detailed information for 2004
This survey collects the financial and operating data needed to produce statistics on the Commercial and Industrial Machinery and Equipment Rental and Leasing industry in Canada.
Data release - March 14, 2006
This annual sample survey collects the financial and operating data needed to produce statistics on the Commercial and Industrial Machinery and Equipment Rental and Leasing industry in Canada. Commencing with reference year 2005, the survey also collects detailed information on the characteristics of the businesses, such as type of revenue and type of client.
These data are aggregated with information from other sources to produce official estimates of the national and provincial economic production of the Commercial and Industrial Machinery and Equipment Rental and Leasing Rental and Leasing industry in Canada. The results from this survey provide data to businesses, governments, investors and associations. These data allow these groups to monitor the growth of the industry, measure performance, allow comparison across similar businesses and to better understand this industry to react to trends and patterns.
The new 2005 survey covers a somewhat different set of businesses than in previous years so that data generally cannot be expected to be comparable. The list of names and addresses of businesses is now drawn from a central Statistics Canada data base. Also, a much more rigorous delineation of those companies that are considered part of the culture sector has been applied through the implementation of the North American Industry Classification System (NAICS). This industry-based classification is a departure from the activity-based classification that was used previously. In addition to these changes in coverage, commencing with 2005, the data are based on a sample of businesses.
Despite these changes, several data points for two earlier survey years have been produced so that key trends can still be determined. These data represent estimates of historical data that would have been produced using this new coverage and methodology for those years. This information is included in the 2005 data release.
The survey is administered as part of the Unified Enterprise Survey program (UES). The UES program has been designed to integrate, gradually over time, the approximately 200 separate business surveys into a single master survey program. The UES aims at collecting more industry and product detail at the provincial level than was previously possible while avoiding overlap between different survey questionnaires. The redesigned business survey questionnaires have a consistent look, structure and content. The unified approach makes reporting easier for firms operating in different industries because they can provide similar information for each branch operation. This way they avoid having to respond to questionnaires that differ for each industry in terms of format, wording and even concepts.
This survey is part of the Service Industries Program. The survey data gathered are used to compile aggregate statistics for over thirty service industry groupings. Financial data, including revenue, expense and profit statistics are available for all of the surveys in the program. In addition, many compile and disseminate industry-specific information.
Reference period: Calendar year
- Business, consumer and property services
- Business performance and ownership
- Financial statements and performance
- Rental and leasing and real estate
Data sources and methodology
The target population consists of all statistical establishments (sometimes referred to as firms or units) classified as Commercial and Industrial Machinery and Equipment Rental and Leasing (NAICS 5324) according to the North American Industry Classification System 2002 (NAICS 2002) during the reference year. The Commercial and Industrial Machinery Equipment and Rental sector covers three NAICS 2002: Construction, Transportation, Mining and Forestry Equipment Rental and Leasing Rental (NAICS 53241), Office Machinery and Equipment Rental and Leasing (NAICS 53242) and Other Commercial and Industrial Machinery and Equipment Rental and Leasing (NAICS 53249).
The Commercial and Industrial Machinery and Equipment Rental and Leasing survey covers establishments primarily engaged in renting or leasing commercial and industrial machinery and equipment, without operator. The types of establishments included in this industry group are generally involved in providing capital/investment-type equipment that clients use in their business operations. These establishments typically serve businesses and do not generally operate a retail-like or store-front facility.
The financing arm of the commercial and industrial machinery and equipment rental and leasing industry is excluded from this survey. Data for these companies are found in NAICS 52222 because of their sales financing activities.
The survey questionnaires comprise financial characteristics such as revenue, broken down by the sources of revenue; expenses, broken down by operating and non-operating expenses; number of employees and distribution of revenue by type of client. Based on contacts with respondents and data users, some modifications have been incorporated to the questionnaires since 1998 in order to reflect the nature of the industry surveyed. The changes are field tested to ensure that they are reasonable and sustainable.
This is a sample survey with a cross-sectional design.
The survey design is based on probability sampling and covers that portion of businesses subject to direct data collection.
The basic objective of the survey is to produce estimates for the entire industry -- all the incorporated and unincorporated businesses. The data come from two sources: survey data for sampled businesses with revenue above or equal to a set threshold (note: the threshold varies between surveys and sometimes between provinces in the same survey), and administrative data for businesses with revenue below the specified threshold. It should be noted that administrative sources provide only financial information; e.g., revenue, and expenses such as depreciation, and salaries, wages and benefits. Information about characteristics; such as, client base and revenue by type of service is collected for surveyed establishments only.
A list of businesses or frame is maintained by Statistics Canada's Business Register and is updated using administrative data. The frame is the list of establishments from which the portion eligible for sampling is determined and the sample is taken. The frame provides basic information about each firm including: address, industry classification, and information from administrative data sources.
Finally, the sample size is increased, mostly to compensate for firms that no longer belong in the industry: i.e., they have gone out of business, changed their primary business activity, or they are inactive or duplicates on the frame. After removing such firms, the sample size for 2004 was 392 collection entities.
Responding to this survey is mandatory.
Data are collected directly from survey respondents and extracted from administrative files.
Data are collected through a mail-out/mail-back process, while providing respondents with the option of telephone or other electronic filing methods. The statistical establishment is used as the sampling unit, but selected establishments belonging to the same company and the same industry are aggregated to create a collection entity. This reduces respondent burden and simplifies collection. Therefore, companies with production in more than one establishment are mailed one questionnaire and instructed to report for all Canadian operations
View the Questionnaire(s) and reporting guide(s) .
Data are examined for inconsistencies and errors using automated edits coupled with analytical review. Where possible, data will be verified using alternate sources.
Where information is missing, imputation is performed using a "nearest neighbour" procedure (donor imputation), using historical data where available, using averages based on responses from a set of similar establishments, or using administrative data as a proxy for reported data.
As part of the production of final numbers, data for companies operating in more than one province or territory are allocated to the provincial level. Administrative data are used to estimate for the portion of the industry that was excluded from survey activity (i.e. small firms whose revenues fell below cut-off thresholds). Sampled data are then weighted to produce estimates representative of the target population.
Prior to dissemination, combined survey results are analyzed for comparability; in general, this includes a detailed review of: individual responses (especially for the largest companies), general economic conditions, historic trends, and comparisons with administrative data (e.g., income tax, goods and services tax, payroll deductions records, industry and trade association sources).
Even though the basic objective of the survey is to produce estimates for the whole industry--all incorporated and unincorporated businesses--not all businesses are surveyed. Rather, a sample is surveyed and the portion eligible for sampling is defined as all statistical establishments with revenue above a certain threshold. (Note: the threshold varies between surveys and sometimes between provinces in the same survey). The excluded portion represents a substantial proportion of the industry in terms of number of establishments (75%), but its contribution to the overall industry revenue is only about 11%. These excluded establishments are accounted for in the final estimates through the use of administrative data. However, only basic information is obtained from administrative sources; i.e., total revenue, expenses, depreciation and salaries, wages and benefits. Detailed characteristics such as client base, revenue by type of service, and detailed expense items are collected only for surveyed establishments.
Statistics Canada is prohibited by law from releasing any information it collects which could identify any person, business, or organization, unless consent has been given by the respondent or as permitted by the Statistics Act. Various confidentiality rules are applied to all data that are released or published to prevent the publication or disclosure of any information deemed confidential. If necessary, data are suppressed to prevent direct or residual disclosure of identifiable data.
While considerable effort is made to ensure high standards throughout all stages of collection and processing, the resulting estimates are inevitably subject to a certain degree of error. These errors can be broken down into two major types: non-sampling and sampling.
Non-sampling error is not related to sampling and may occur for many reasons. For example, non-response is an important source of non-sampling error. Population coverage, differences in the interpretation of questions, incorrect information from respondents, and mistakes in recording, coding and processing data are other examples of non-sampling errors.
The response rate for this survey was 77% in reference year 2004.
Sampling error occurs because population estimates are derived from a sample of the population rather than the entire population. Sampling error depends on factors such as sample size, sampling design, and the method of estimation. An important property of probability sampling is that sampling error can be computed from the sample itself by using a statistical measure called the coefficient of variation (CV). The assumption is that over repeated surveys, the relative difference between a sample estimate and the estimate that would have been obtained from an enumeration of all units in the universe would be less than twice the CV, 95 times out of 100. The range of acceptable data values yielded by a sample is called a confidence interval. Confidence intervals can be constructed around the estimate using the CV. First, we calculate the standard error by multiplying the sample estimate by the CV. The sample estimate plus or minus twice the standard error is then referred to as a 95% confidence interval.
CVs were calculated for each estimate. Generally, the more commonly reported variables obtained very good CVs (10% or less), while the less commonly reported variables were associated with higher but still acceptable CVs (under 25%). The CVs are available upon request.