National Household Survey (NHS)

Commute of employed person, distance

Commute refers to the travel of an employed person between his or her place of residence and his or her place of work. Commute can be measured as a distance. This refers to the straight-line distance, in kilometres, between the person's residence and his or her usual place of work. Commute can be measured as a length of time, that is, as a duration. This refers to the number of minutes it usually takes the person to travel from home to work. Commute can also be categorized by whether or not the person commutes to another municipality (i.e. census subdivision), another census division or another province.

Employed person refers to those who, during the reference period, had a labour force status of 'employed'. That is, those who, during the reference period:

(a) Did any work at all at a job or business, that is, paid work in the context of an employer-employee relationship, or self-employment. This also includes persons who did unpaid family work, which is defined as unpaid work contributing directly to the operation of a farm, business or professional practice owned and operated by a related member of the same household; or

(b) Had a job but were not at work due to factors such as their own illness or disability, personal or family responsibilities, vacation or a labour dispute. This category excludes persons not at work because they were on layoff or between casual jobs, and those who did not then have a job (even if they had a job to start at a future date).

The data for this variable are reported using the following measurements:

  • 'Commute distance' is expressed as the number of kilometres ranging from one to the maximum number on the file.
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