Canada's Balance of International Payments

Balance of international payments, flow of direct investment of economy, category

Balance of international payments, flow of direct investment refers to the creation, transformation, exchange, transfer, or extinction of direct investment and involves a change in the volume, composition, or value of an entity's assets and liabilities. Direct investment refers to a category of cross-border investment associated with a resident in one economy having control or a significant degree of influence on the management of an enterprise that is resident in another economy. As well as the equity that gives rise to control or influence, direct investment also includes associated debt (except debt between affiliated financial intermediaries).

Economy refers to the entire set of resident institutional units. It is divided into sectors that consists of groups of resident institutional units. An institutional unit is resident in a country when it has a centre of economic interest in the economic territory of that country. It is said to have a centre of economic interest when there exists some location - dwelling, place of production or other premises - within the economic territory on, or from, which it engages, and intends to continue to engage, in economic activities and transactions on a significant scale either indefinitely or over a finite period of time.

The data for this variable are reported using the following classifications and/or lists:

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