Year of immigration of immigrant

Status: This standard was approved as a departmental standard on February 15, 2016.

Definition

Year of immigration refers to the year in which the immigrant first obtained landed immigrant or permanent resident status.

Immigrant refers to a person who is, or who has ever been, a landed immigrant or permanent resident. Such a person has been granted the right to live in Canada permanently by immigration authorities. Immigrants who have obtained Canadian citizenship by naturalization are included in this group.

Conformity to relevant internationally recognized standards

There are no relevant internationally recognized standards. Though the United Nations' "Principles and Recommendations for Population and Housing Censuses, Revision 2", 2008 discusses the desirability of collecting information on international migration and specifically the length of time immigrants have been in the country, it recommends using year of arrival. Similarly, the "Conference of European Statisticians Recommendations for the 2010 Censuses of Population and Housing", 2006, also suggests using year of arrival.

Measurements

  • 'Calendar year' is expressed in single years, from the earliest year on the file to the reference year.

    Note: Single years can be collapsed to form larger categories, typically of five or ten years. February 15, 2016 to current

Classifications

Additional information

To create periods of immigration for analytic purposes, single years of immigration can be collapsed to form larger categories, typically of five or ten years.

See:

Relation to previous version

  • Year of immigration of immigrant February 15, 2016 to current

    This standard has been updated by revising the definition of immigrant as well as the Measurement note.

  • Year of immigration of immigrant April 18, 2011 to February 14, 2016

    This reformats and replaces the earlier standard 'Year or period of immigration' and is compatible with it.

  • Year or period of immigration July 15, 1998 to April 17, 2011
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