Commuting duration of employed person

Status: This standard was approved as a departmental standard on June 15, 2015.


Commuting duration refers to the length of time, in minutes, usually required by a person to travel between his or her place of residence and his or her place of work.

Employed person refers to those who, during the reference period, had a labour force status of "employed". That is, those who, during the reference period:

(a) Did any work at all at a job or business, that is, paid work in the context of an employer-employee relationship, or self-employment. This also includes persons who did unpaid family work, which is defined as unpaid work contributing directly to the operation of a farm, business or professional practice owned and operated by a related member of the same household; or

(b) Had a job but were not at work due to factors such as their own illness or disability, personal or family responsibilities, vacation or a labour dispute. This category excludes persons not at work because they were on layoff or between casual jobs, and those who did not then have a job (even if they had a job to start at a future date).


This variable applies only to those persons whose workplace location in Canada was not their home.

Conformity to relevant internationally recognized standards

This standard is compatible with the United Nations Economic Commission for Europe's "Conference of European Statisticians Recommendations for the 2010 Censuses of Population and Housing", 2006, related to commuting to work. The report states that countries may wish to collect information on the distance travelled to work on a daily basis and the time taken with a view to monitoring the extent to which persons are living at greater distances from their work places and the impact which traffic congestion has on the time taken to get to work.


Additional information


Relation to previous version

  • Commuting duration of employed person June 15, 2015 to current

    This standard replaces the recommended standard 'Commute of employed person'.

  • Commute of employed person June 26, 2013 to June 14, 2015

    This standard was replaced by a new departmental standard on June 15, 2015.

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