North American Industry Classification System (NAICS) Canada 2012

31-33 - Manufacturing

This sector comprises establishments primarily engaged in the chemical, mechanical or physical transformation of materials or substances into new products. These products may be finished, in the sense that they are ready to be used or consumed, or semi-finished, in the sense of becoming a raw material for an establishment to use in further manufacturing. Related activities, such as the assembly of the component parts of manufactured goods; the blending of materials; and the finishing of manufactured products by dyeing, heat-treating, plating and similar operations are also treated as manufacturing activities. Manufacturing establishments are known by a variety of trade designations, such as plants, factories or mills.

Manufacturing establishments may own the materials which they transform or they may transform materials owned by other establishments. Manufacturing may take place in factories or in workers' homes, using either machinery or hand tools.

Factoryless goods producers (FGPs) that completely outsource the transformation process but own the input materials are classified to the manufacturing sector. FGPs that completely outsource the transformation process but do not own the materials are classified to merchant wholesalers in Sector 41 Wholesale trade. These units are in fact buying the completed goods from the producer with the intention to resell it. These units may design the goods being manufactured, and may have some say in the manufacturing process.

Certain activities involving the transformation of goods are classified in other sectors. Some examples are post-harvest activities of agricultural establishments, such as crop drying; logging; the beneficiating of mineral ores; the production of structures by construction establishments; and various activities conducted by retailers, such as meat cutting and the assembly of products such as bicycles and computers.

Sales branches or offices (but not retail stores) maintained by manufacturing, refining, or mining enterprises apart from their plants or mines for the purpose of marketing their products are included in Sector 41 Wholesale trade as merchant wholesalers.

315 - Clothing manufacturing

This subsector comprises establishments primarily engaged in manufacturing clothing.

  • Exclusion(s)

    • finishing clothing made in other establishments (See 313 Textile mills)
    • embroidering clothing not made in the same establishment (See 314 Textile product mills)
    • printing on articles of clothing not made in the same establishment (See 323 Printing and related support activities)
    • manufacturing safety clothing (See 339 Miscellaneous manufacturing)

3151 - Clothing knitting mills

This industry group comprises establishments primarily engaged in knitting clothing from yarn; or manufacturing clothing from knit fabrics made in the same establishment. Establishments classified in this industry group may finish the clothing that they knit.

  • Exclusion(s)

    • finishing clothing not made in the same establishment (See 3133 Textile and fabric finishing and fabric coating)
    • manufacturing clothing from knit fabrics not produced in the same establishment (See 3152 Cut and sew clothing manufacturing)

3152 - Cut and sew clothing manufacturing

This industry group comprises establishments primarily engaged in manufacturing clothing from fabric made in other establishments.

  • Exclusion(s)

    • finishing clothing made in other establishments (See 3133 Textile and fabric finishing and fabric coating)
    • printing on articles of clothing made in other establishments (See 3231 Printing and related support activities)

3159 - Clothing accessories and other clothing manufacturing

This industry group comprises establishments, not classified to any other industry group, primarily engaged in manufacturing clothing or clothing accessories.

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