North American Industry Classification System (NAICS) Canada 2012

11 - Agriculture, forestry, fishing and hunting

This sector comprises establishments primarily engaged in growing crops, raising animals, harvesting timber, harvesting fish and other animals from their natural habitats and providing related support activities.

Establishments primarily engaged in agricultural research or that supply veterinary services are not included in this sector.

111 - Crop production

This subsector comprises establishments, such as farms, orchards, groves, greenhouses and nurseries, primarily engaged in growing crops, plants, vines, trees and their seeds (excluding those engaged in forestry operations). Industries have been created taking into account input factors, such as suitable land, climatic conditions, type of equipment, and the amount and type of labour required. The production process is typically completed when the raw product or commodity grown reaches the farm gate for market, that is, at the point of first sale or price determination. Establishments in these industries may use traditional crop production methods, employ modified or improved crop inputs, or engage in organic crop production.

An establishment is classified within this subsector provided that fifty percent or more of the establishment's agricultural production consists of crops. Establishments with fifty percent or more crop production and with no one product or family of products accounting for fifty percent of the production are treated as combination crop farms and classified to 11199 All other crop farming, except if fifty percent or more of the production is a combination of oilseeds and grains, in which case they are classified to 11119 Other grain farming.

112 - Animal production and aquaculture

This subsector comprises establishments, such as ranches, farms and feedlots, primarily engaged in raising animals, producing animal products and fattening animals. Industries have been created taking into account input factors such as suitable grazing or pasture land, specialized buildings, type of equipment, and the amount and type of labour required.

An establishment is classified within this subsector provided that fifty percent or more of the establishment's agricultural production consists of animal production or aquaculture. Establishments with fifty percent or more animal production or aquaculture and with no one product or family of products accounting for fifty percent of the production are treated as combination animal farms and classified to 11299 All other animal production.

113 - Forestry and logging

This subsector comprises establishments primarily engaged in growing and harvesting timber on a long production cycle (of ten years or more). Long production cycles use different production processes than short production cycles, which require more horticultural interventions prior to harvest, resulting in processes more similar to those found in the Crop production subsector. Consequently, Christmas tree production and other production involving production cycles of less than ten years, are classified to the Crop production subsector.

Industries in this subsector specialize in different stages of the production cycle. Reforestation requires production of seedlings in specialized nurseries. Timber production requires natural forests or suitable areas of land that are available for a long duration. The maturation time for timber depends upon the species of tree, the climatic conditions of the region, and the intended purpose of the timber. The harvesting of timber, except when done on an extremely small scale, requires specialized machinery unique to the industry. The gathering of forest products, such as gums, barks, balsam needles and Spanish moss, are also included in this subsector.

114 - Fishing, hunting and trapping

This subsector comprises establishments primarily engaged in catching fish and other wild animals from their natural habitats. These establishments are dependent upon a continued supply of the natural resource. The catching of fish is the predominant economic activity of this subsector and it usually requires specialized vessels that, by the nature of their size, configuration and equipment, are not suitable for any other type of production, such as transportation. Hunting and trapping utilize a wide variety of production processes and are classified in the same subsector as fishing because the availability of resources and the constraints imposed, such as conservation requirements and proper habitat maintenance, are similar.

115 - Support activities for agriculture and forestry

This subsector comprises establishments primarily engaged in providing support services that are essential to agricultural and forestry production.

Date modified: