Survey of Safety in Public and Private Spaces (SSPPS)

Detailed information for 2018

Status:

Active

Frequency:

Every 5 years

Record number:

5256

The purpose of this survey is to collect information on Canadians' experiences related to their safety in public and private spaces. Questions are asked about these personal experiences at home, in the workplace, in public spaces and online.

Data release - November 2019

Description

The purpose of this survey is to collect information on Canadians' experiences related to their safety in public and private spaces. Questions are asked about these personal experiences at home, in the workplace, in public spaces and online.

All levels of government, academics and not-for-profit organizations have expressed interest in the SSPPS results in an effort to provide a more complete and inclusive picture of the realities of gender-based violence in Canada. To help end such violence, data from this survey will be used to inform the federal government's Strategy to Prevent and Address Gender-Based Violence. The data will assist with program and policy development decisions and support research in the field of gender-based violence. Additionally, some data will facilitate comparisons with international data sources.

Reference period: Lifetime and past 12 months preceding interview date

Collection period: April through December 2018

Subjects

  • Crime and justice
  • Society and community
  • Victims and victimization

Data sources and methodology

Target population

The target population for the 2018 Survey of Safety in Public and Private Spaces is all non-institutionalized persons 15 years of age or older, living in the 10 provinces or 3 territories of Canada.

Instrument design

The questionnaire was designed based on research and consultations with key partners and data users. Qualitative testing, conducted by Statistics Canada's Questionnaire Design Resource Center (QDRC), was carried out with respondents in five cities, in four provinces. Questions which worked well and others that needed clarification or redesign were identified. QDRC staff compiled a detailed report of the results along with their recommendations. All comments and feedback from qualitative testing were carefully considered and the questionnaire was revised accordingly.

Sampling

This is a sample survey with a cross-sectional design.

This survey uses a frame that combines landline and cellular telephone numbers from the Census and various administrative sources with Statistics Canada's dwelling frame. Records on the frame are groups of one or several telephone numbers associated with the same address (or telephone numbers only in the case a link between a telephone number and an address could not be established). This sampling frame is used to obtain better coverage of households with a telephone number.

The sample is based on a stratified design employing probability sampling. The stratification is done at the province/census metropolitan area (CMA) level. Information is collected from one randomly selected household member aged 15 or older, and proxy responses are not permitted.

Data sources

Data collection for this reference period: 2018-04-05 to 2018-12-31

Responding to this survey is voluntary.

Data are collected directly from survey respondents and extracted from administrative files.

Data are collected using either a respondent self-completed questionnaire or using an interviewer administered questionnaire. Contact is first made by mail for households for which an address is available. Other households are contacted via telephone only. Proxy reporting is not allowed. The respondents are provided the choice of responding between French or English.

Tax derived files (CSDD environment).

Questions relating to income show rather high non-response rates and the incomes reported by respondents are usually rough estimates. Linking will allow getting such information without having to ask questions.

The information collected from the 2018 SSPPS will be linked to the personal tax records (T1, T1FF or T4) of respondents. Household information (address, postal code, and telephone number) and respondent's information (social insurance number, surname, name, date of birth/age, sex) will be key variables for the linkage.

Linking to the tax files will ensure better quality data, lower respondent burden and decreased costs.

Respondents will be notified of the planned linkage before and during the survey. Any respondents who object to the linkage of their data will have their objections recorded, and no linkage to their tax data will take place.

View the Questionnaire(s) and reporting guide(s) .

Error detection

To be completed when data are released.

Imputation

To be completed when data are released

Estimation

To be completed when data are released

Quality evaluation

To be completed when data are released

Disclosure control

Statistics Canada is prohibited by law from releasing any information it collects that could identify any person, business, or organization, unless consent has been given by the respondent or as permitted by the Statistics Act. Various confidentiality rules are applied to all data that are released or published to prevent the publication or disclosure of any information deemed confidential. If necessary, data are suppressed to prevent direct or residual disclosure of identifiable data.

Revisions and seasonal adjustment

To be completed when data are released

Data accuracy

To be completed when data are released

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