Fur Farm Report - Mink and Foxes

Detailed information for 2016





Record number:


The purpose of this survey is to produce annual estimates of fur farm pelts produced in Canada.

Data release - October 12, 2017


This survey collects data from fur farms to prepare provincial estimates of inventories, peltings and values. The data are used by producer groups, provincial and industry fur analysts, as well as by other government departments and agencies. This information is used to determine the production and value of pelts from mink and fox farms and to calculate industry trends.

Reference period: Calendar year

Collection period: April to June


  • Agriculture
  • Livestock and aquaculture

Data sources and methodology

Target population

The universe includes all mink and fox ranchers in Canada.

Instrument design

The paper questionnaire has remained stable over the decades, although formats and wording have been modified to maintain its relevance based on feedback from respondents and users.


This survey is a census with a cross-sectional design.

Data are collected for all units of the target population, therefore no sampling is done.

Data sources

Data collection for this reference period: 2016-03-17 to 2016-06-03

Responding to this survey is mandatory.

Data are collected directly from survey respondents and extracted from administrative files.

The survey is a census-type in that all known mink and fox ranches are contacted by mail. Mailing lists are produced from the Census of Agriculture and are supplemented by provincial governments. Non-respondents are followed up by telephone and mail by the Agriculture Division. Individual records are summed.

Data on the quantity and average price of mink and fox pelts are collected from two administrative sources. The quantity data are used in conjunction with the survey data to determine the number of pelts produced, births and ending inventory. The average price data are used to calculate pelt values. These data can be adjusted in the process of balancing the supply and disposition of pelts.

View the Questionnaire(s) and reporting guide(s) .

Error detection

Micro-editing is used during data processing due to the small number of questionnaires. Pairing is done to previous year's questionnaire. The balance sheet approach of the questionnaire serves to detect reporting errors.


Non-response units are automatically imputed using a nearest neighbour approach.


The estimates are produced using a balance sheet approach where the supply of pelts (beginning inventory, births and purchases) must equal the disposition (ending inventory, number of pelts produced, deaths and sales).

Quality evaluation

The quality of the estimates is deemed to be high as the totals are validated using supply-demand analysis. Provincial specialists are also consulted in the validation phase.

Disclosure control

Statistics Canada is prohibited by law from releasing any data which would divulge information obtained under the Statistics Act that relates to any identifiable person, business or organization without the prior knowledge or the consent in writing of that person, business or organization. Various confidentiality rules are applied to all data that are released or published to prevent the publication or disclosure of any information deemed confidential. If necessary, data are suppressed to prevent direct or residual disclosure of identifiable data. Data are always available at the Canada level.

Revisions and seasonal adjustment

This methodology type does not apply to this statistical program.

Data accuracy

Confronting the survey data against the administrative pelt quantity and price data ensures that the quality of the estimates produced remains high.

The response rate for this survey was 73%.

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