The purpose of the survey is to collect tuition fees and living accommodation costs concerning all universities and degree-granting colleges across the country.
Data release – September 12, 2013
The Tuition and Living Accommodation Costs for Full-time Students at Canadian Degree-granting Institutions Survey was developed to provide student financial information (tuition fees and living accommodation costs) on all universities and degree-granting colleges in Canada.
- gives stakeholders, the public and students an annual guide to tuition costs as well as providing information on trends in tuition fees;
- contribute to a better understanding of the student financial position for that level of education;
- helps in the development of policies in this sector;
- is used to calculate the Consumer Price Index;
- facilitates interprovincial comparisons;
- facilitates comparisons across institutions.
Each year data are collected for the previous and current academic year. The previous academic year data become revised and final while the current academic year data are preliminary and will be revised and become final in the next collection cycle.
The target population is all public degree-granting institutions (universities and colleges) in Canada
The questionnaire for this survey remained stable over the years, although the format and wording were modified to maintain its relevance based on feedback from survey respondents and data users.
However, for the collection cycle 2008-09, there was a redesign of the questionnaire. The new fields of study presented for both graduate and undergraduate programs are adapted from the Classification of Instructional Programs (CIP), Statistics Canada's standard for field of study classification. The CIP's structure comprises several groupings developed jointly by Statistics Canada and the National Center for Education Statistics. It is based on work undertaken as part of the creation of the North American Product Classification System (NAPCS) by Canada, the United States and Mexico. These adapted groupings are:
- Visual and performing Arts, and Communications Technologies
- Social and Behavioural Sciences
- Business, Management and public Administration
- Physical and Life Sciences and Technologies
- Mathematics, Computer and Information Sciences
- Architecture and Related Technologies
- Agriculture, Natural Resources and Conservation
- Veterinary medicine
- Health (other than Medicine), Parks, recreation and Fitness
- Personal, Protective and Transportation Services
For graduate programs only
- Executive MBA
- Regular MBA
This survey is a census with a cross-sectional design.
Data are collected for all units of the target population; therefore, no sampling is done.
Data collection for this reference period: 2013-04-10 – 2013-06-14
Responding to this survey is mandatory.
Data are collected directly from survey respondents.
As of the 2011-2012 cycle, all universities and degree-granting colleges report via electronic questionnaire, using the Electronic Transfer File services (ETF). Formerly, a paper questionnaire was sent to the respondent.
All material is mailed out by Operations and Integration Division (OID) at Statistics Canada which also conducts telephone follow-up.
A Statistical Analysis System (SAS) program is run on the completed file, comparing each institution to the previous year's results. Any significant changes are investigated with the respondents.
Each year a data comparison is done (percentage increases for major cells) for each university and college. Any major discrepancies are investigated with the respondent, resulting in changes, if any.
Statistics Canada is prohibited by law from releasing any information it collects which could identify any person, business, or organization, unless consent has been given by the respondent or as permitted by the Statistics Act. Various confidentiality rules are applied to all data that are released or published to prevent the publication or disclosure of any information deemed confidential. If necessary, data are suppressed to prevent direct or residual disclosure of identifiable data.
A presentation letter is prepared including authorization to release data publicly at the institution level.
Data are released publicly at the institutional level.
All surveys are subject to errors. Only non-sampling errors apply to this survey given that there was no sampling process used to produce the final results. While considerable effort is made to ensure that universities and colleges are preparing information in accordance with the General Instructions to ensure comparability of the information at the aggregate level and ensure consistency and comparability over time in institutional reporting, major differences in operations and/or policies and/or differences in institutional interpretation/implementation of the General Instructions affect the comparability of the information over time and with other institutions.
There is a 100% response rate.