Census of Population

Summary of changes

Activity on this program started: 1871

Reference period of change - 2016

Statistics Canada reinstated the mandatory long-form census in time for the 2016 Census of Population. As such, a sample of approximately 25% of Canadian households received a long-form questionnaire. All other households received a short-form questionnaire.

Reference period of change - October 2014 (Test)

The October 2014 Census of Population test is conducted to validate the survey's processes, procedures and systems that will be used in the 2016 Census of Population. No data will be released from this test.

Reference period of change - May 2014 (Test)

The Census of Population test is conducted to validate the survey's questions, processes, procedures and systems that will be used in the 2016 Census of Population. No data will be released from this test.

Reference period of change - 2011

Statistical activity - The 2011 Census Program consisted of two parts: a short questionnaire (census) with a basic set of questions distributed to 100% of households, and a long questionnaire (National Household Survey - record number 5178) distributed to a 33% sample of households.

Data sources - The 2011 Census questionnaire consists of the same eight questions that appeared on the 2006 Census short-form questionnaire along with two additional language questions - one on the knowledge of official languages and the other on home language(s). The information previously collected by the long-form census questionnaire is collected by the voluntary National Household Survey (NHS), record number 5178.

Reference period of change - 2006

For information about the changes, please refer to the document "Census of Population (2006): What's new?" in the 2006 documentation.

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