Census Metropolitan Area MethodologyNote 1

For the reporting of crime statistics and police personnel, official Statistics Canada census metropolitan area (CMA) populations have been adjusted to follow policing boundaries. Police service boundaries often do not correspond directly with CMA boundaries, particularly in the case of rural detachments. In an effort to match as closely as possible, the following guidelines are used:

  • If more than half of a detachment's population falls within CMA boundaries, then all of that detachment's crime is included and the portion of its population falling outside the CMA is added to the official CMA population.
  • Conversely, if less than half of a detachment's population falls within CMA boundaries, then all of that detachment's crime is excluded and the portion of its population falling within the CMA is subtracted from the official CMA population.

CMA Abbotsford-Mission

  • The following area within the CMA has been excluded: Upper Sumas 6 (5909877).

CMA Barrie

  • The following area outside the CMA has been included: Bradford West Gwillimbury (3543014).
  • The following area within the CMA has been excluded: Springwater (3543009).

CMA Brantford

  • The following area outside the CMA has been included: Six Nations (Part) 40 (3528037).

CMA Calgary

  • The following areas outside the CMA have been included: 64% of Wheatland County (4805012), 31% of Kneehill County (4805041), Acme (4805044), Linden (4805046), 58% of Bighorn No.8 (4815015), Ghost Lake (4815027), Waiparous (4815030), Stoney 142, 143, 144 (4815802), Standard (4805021), and Rockyford (4805022).

CMA Edmonton

  • The following areas outside the CMA have been included: Thorhild County No. 7 (4813036), 55% of Lac Ste. Anne County (4813001), Nakamun Park (4813003), Val Quentin (4813005), West Cove (4813006), Yellowstone (4813007), Ross Haven (4813008), Castle Island (4813009), Sunset Point (4813011), Alberta Beach (4813012), Onoway (4813014), 1% of Alexis 133 (4813811), 10% of Wetaskiwin County No.10 (4811001), Argentina Beach (4811003), Silver Beach (4811009), Sandy Beach (4813016) and Sunrise Beach (4813017).
  • The following areas within the CMA have been excluded: 4% of Leduc County (4811012), 11% of Parkland County (4811034), Seba Beach (4811038), Betula Beach (4811039), Bruderheim (4810066) and 7% of Sturgeon County (4811059).

CMA Greater Sudbury

  • The following areas within the CMA have been excluded: Wahnapitei 11 (3553040) and Whitefish Lake 6 (3552051).

CMA Guelph

  • The following areas within the CMA have been excluded: Puslinch (3523001) and Guelph/Eramosa (3523009). 

CMA Halifax

  • The following area within the CMA has been excluded: Shubenacadie 13 (1209029).

CMA Hamilton

  • The following areas within the CMA have been excluded: 65% of Burlington (3524002) and Grimsby (3526065).
  • The following areas outside the CMA have been included: 35% of Oakville (3524001), 35% of Milton (3524009) and 35% of Halton Hills (3524015).

CMA Kelowna

  • The following area within the CMA has been excluded: 64% of Central Okanagan J (5935020).
  • The following areas outside the CMA have been included: 5% of Kootenay Boundary E (5905054) and 2% of Okanagan-Similkameen F (5907051).

CMA Kingston

  • The following area within the CMA has been excluded: Frontenac Islands (3510005).

CMA Kitchener – Cambridge – Waterloo

  • The following areas outside the CMA have been included: Wilmot (3530020) and Wellesley (3530027).

CMA London

  • The following areas outside the CMA have been included: Southwest Middlesex (3539005), North Middlesex (3539041), Lucan Biddulph (3539060), Newbury (3539002), Chippewas of the Thames First Nation 42 (3539017), Munsee-Delaware Nation 1 (3539018) and Oneida 41 (3539021).
  • The following areas within the CMA have been excluded: Central Elgin (3534020) and Southwold (3534024).

CMA Moncton

  • The following areas outside the CMA have been included: 64% of Havelock (1305028), Hopewell (1306001), Riverside-Albert (1306003), Harvey (1306004), Alma (1306006), Alma (1306007), Salisbury (1307024), Petitcodiac (1307029), Westmorland (1307001), Port Elgin (1307002), Botsford (1307004) and Sackville (1307008).
  • The following areas within the CMA have been excluded: Saint-Paul (1308008) and 1% of Moncton (1307019).

CMA Montréal

  • The following areas outside the CMA have been included: Rivière-Beaudette (2471005), Saint-Télesphore (2471015), Saint-Polycarpe (2471020), Saint-Clet (2471045), Sainte-Marthe, (2471110), Sainte-Justine-de-Newton, (2471115), Très-Saint-Rédempteur, (2471125), Rigaud (2471133), Pointe-Fortune (2471140), Saint-Jean-Baptiste (2457033), Calixa-Lavallée (2459030) and Contrecoeur (2459035).
  • The following areas within the CMA have been excluded: Lavaltrie (2452007), L’Épiphanie (2460035), L’Épiphanie (2460040) and Gore (2476025).

CMA Oshawa

  • Not currently used due to the fact that data would have to be based on estimates from Durham Regional Police.
  • The following areas outside the CMA have been included: 64% of Pickering (3518001), 64% of Ajax (3518005), 64% of Scugog (3518020), 64% of Mississaugas of Scugog Island (3518022), 64% of Uxbridge (3518029) and 64% of Brock (3518039).
  • The following areas within the CMA have been excluded: 36% of Whitby (3518009), 36% of Oshawa (3518013) and 36% of Clarington (3518017).

CMA Ottawa-Gatineau (Ontario Portion)

  • Perfect match.

CMA Ottawa-Gatineau (Québec Portion)

  • The following areas within the CMA have been excluded: Denholm (2483005), Mayo (2480065), Val-des-Bois (2480140) and Bowman (2480145).

CMA Peterborough

  • The following area within the CMA has been excluded: Curve Lake First Nation 35 (3515019).

CMA Québec

  • The following areas outside the CMA have been included: Lac-Croche (2422902), Saint-Tite-des-Caps (2421005), Saint-Ferréol-les-Neiges (2421010), Saint-Louis-de-Gonzague-du-Cap-Tourmente (2421015), Saint-Joachim (2421020), Beaupré (2421025), Sainte-Anne-de-Beaupré (2421030), Sault-au-Cochon (2421902) and Lac-Jacques-Cartier (2421904).
  • The following areas within the CMA have been excluded: Saint-Lambert-de-Lauzon (2426070), Saint-Henri (2419068), Beaumont (2419105) and Neuville (2434007).

CMA Regina

  • The following areas outside the CMA have been included: Dufferin No.190, (4706059), Bethune (4706061), Findlater (4706062), Kannata Valley (4706075), Silton (4706077), Craven (4706078), Lajord No. 128 (4706011) and 50% of South Qu'Appelle No. 157 (4706034).
  • The following area within the CMA has been excluded: 5% of Pense No. 160 (4706021).

CMA Saguenay

  • The following areas outside the CMA have been included: Petit-Saguenay (2494205), L’Anse-Saint-Jean (2494210), Rivière-Éternité (2494215), Ferland-et-Boilleau (2494220), Bégin (2494250), Saint-Ambroise (2494255), Lalemant (2494926), Lac-Ministuk (2494928) and Mont-Valin (2494930).

CMA Saint John

  • The following areas outside the CMA have been included: Norton (1305016), Norton (1305018) and Clarendon (1302014).
  • The following areas within the CMA have been excluded: 50% of Saint Martins (1301001), 50% of Musquash (1301016) and Lepreau (1302008).

CMA Saskatoon

  • The following areas outside the CMA have been included: Rosedale No. 283 (4711031), Hanley (4711032), McCraney No. 282 (4711034), Kenaston (4711036), Bladworth (4711038), Lost River No. 313 (4711059), Viscount No. 341 (4711091), Viscount (4711092), Plunkett (4711094),  25% of Bayne No. 371 (4715011), Grant No. 372 (4715014), Prud’Homme (4715016), Vonda (4715017), Aberdeen No. 373 (4715018), Aberdeen (4715019), Montrose No. 315 (4712026), Ruddell (4716003), Maymont (4716004), Mayfield No. 406 (4716005), Great Bend No. 405 (4716008), Radisson (4716009) and Borden (4716011) .  

CMA Sherbrooke

  • The following areas outside the CMA have been included: Sainte-Catherine-de-Hatley (2445060) and Austin (2445085).
  • The following areas within the CMA have been excluded: North Hatley (2445050), Hatley (2445055), Compton (2444071), Waterville (2444080), Ascot Corner (2441055), Stoke (2442005), Saint-Denis-de-Brompton (2442025) and Val-Joli (2442095).

CMA St. Catharines-Niagara

  • The following areas outside the CMA have been included: West Lincoln (3526021) and Grimsby (3526065).

CMA St. John’s

  • The following areas within the CMA have been excluded: Bay Bulls (1001557) and Witless Bay (1001559).

CMA Thunder Bay

  • The following areas within the CMA have been excluded: Fort William 52 (3558003), Gillies (3558012), O’Connor (3558016) and Conmee (3558019).

CMA Toronto

  • The following areas outside the CMA have been included: 65% of Burlington (3524002), 31% of Whitby (3518009), 31% of Oshawa (3518013), 31% of Clarington (3518017), 31% of Scugog (3518020), 31% of Mississaugas of Scugog Island (3518022), 31% of Brock (3518039), Adjala Tosorontio (3543003) and 78% of Essa (3543021).
  • The following areas within the CMA have been excluded: 35% of Oakville (3524001), 35% of Milton (3524009), 35% of Halton Hills (3524015), 69% of Pickering (3518001), 69% of Ajax (3518005), 69% of Uxbridge (3518029) and Bradford West Gwillimbury (3543014).

CMA Trois-Rivières

  • The following areas within the CMA have been excluded: Wôlinak (2438802), Yamachiche (2451020), Champlain (2437220), Saint-Luc-de-Vincennes (2437225) and Saint-Maurice (2437230).
  • The following areas outside the CMA have been included: Saint-Sylvère (2438005), Sainte-Marie-de-Blandford (2438015), Lemieux (2438020), Manseau (2438028), Sainte-Françoise (2438035), Sainte-Sophie-de-Lévrard (2438040), Fortierville (2438047), Parisville (2438055), Sainte-Cécile-de-Lévrard (2438060), Saint-Pierre-les-Becquets (2438065) and Deschaillons-sur-Saint-Laurent (2438070).

CMA Vancouver

  • The following areas outside the CMA have been included: 64% of Squamish-Lillooet D (5931021) and Cheakamus 11 (5931801).

CMA Victoria

  • The following areas outside the CMA have been included: 2% of Capital G (5917029), Capital H (Part 2) (5917056) and Gordon River 2 (5917815).

CMA Windsor

  • Perfect match.

CMA Winnipeg

  • The following area within the CMA has been excluded: 64% of Rosser (4614015), Taché (4602069), Ritchot (4602075), 53% of St. Clements (4613056) and Brokenhead 4 (4613062).
  • The following areas outside the CMA have been included: Cartier (4610043), Brokenhead (4612054), Beausejour (4612056).

Note

  1. Source: Statistics Canada, Demography Division and Canadian Centre for Justice Statistics
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